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Full text of "Rapid Population Growth Consequences And Policy Implications"

TABLE 2
Attitudes toward Population Growth and Family Planning, Twenty-two Countries, 1965
	Percent Believe National Growth a Bad Thing	Percent Believe World Growth a Bad Thing	Percent Approve a National Birth Control Program
Europe Unweighted mean Range	67 (41-86)	86 (73-92)	76 (67-83)
Near East Unweighted mean Range	53 (22-92)	78 (61-95)	74 (62-91)
Far East Unweighted mean Range	53 (22-81)	71 (55-91)	82 (62-99)
Latin America Unweighted mean Range	29 (19-38)	56 (52-62)	74 (61-84)
Africa Unweighted mean Range	33 (14-47)	54 (40-61)	54 (30-71)
Source: (3).
table, there is a sharp division between the figures for Africa and Latin America and those for the rest of the world. Only a narrow majority of the inhabitants sampled in the eight major cities surveyed in these continents believed world population growth to be a bad tiling. Within the Latin American region there is very little variation—four of five cities range within 5 percentage points of one another.
The first column of Table 2 reveals a substantial difference in opinion when respondents were asked whether they believe having a larger population would be a good or bad thing for their country. Far fewer regard it as bad. France drops by 47 percentage points, Tehran by 44, Athens by 37. Among major geographic regions, the proportional decline is greatest in Africa and Latin America. In these regions a majority of the sampled populations with opinions believe world population increase to be a bad thing, but most people believe it is a good thing for their own country.*
*An unfortunate qualification must be made here. Outside the European region, only respondents who said national growth was a good thing were asked their opinion of world growth; the balance was recorded as having a negative opinion on world growth. Therefore the proportion with a negative opinion on world growth could not be less than that observed for national growth. The assumption seems plausible, though by no means certain; more important is the fact that in Europe, where both questions were asked, thetwenty-two sampled areas (Dakar) do less than half of the people with opinions believe such growth is a "bad thing." There is considerable variation, however, both within and between regions. The greatest variation is among the Asian nations, ranging from 95 and 91 percent in India and Turkey to 55 and 61 percent in Bangkok and Manila. Even within Europe the range is great—from a low of 73 percent in Italy to a high of 92 percent in Great Britain. Nevertheless, and this is the second most important aspect of the